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2017年英翻中、英译中文学术语翻译大全赏析

文章出处:长沙翻译公司 人气:发表时间:2017-07-25 17:14
 2017年英翻中、英译中文学术语翻译大全赏析,首先介绍一下文学翻译知识。文学翻译就是对文学作品进行的翻译,文学翻译包括对所有涉及文学语言的广泛翻译。玖九翻译中心长沙翻译公司拥有一支对文学翻译领域有深入了解或工作经验的专业翻译团队,对语言风格有着深入精确的把握,并且建立了专业术语库,能够满足客户提出的各种要求。现在我们就学习一下文学术语中英互译词汇大全。
 
pictorial graph,象物字
 
pictorial semantogram,图形式表意字
 
pictorial syssemantograph,图形式会意字
 
picture, pictorial representation,图画
 
polygraphy,一词多形
 
polysemic graph,多义字
 
polysyllabic,多音词
 
popular character, vulgarism,俗字
 
popular form, vulgar form,俗体
 
popular orthograph,俗本字
 
popular script,通俗文字
 
primitive meaning,原始的意义
 
primative writing,原始文字
 
pronunciation of characters,字音
 
proper graph,正字
 
protoform,初文
 
purely phonetic element,纯音符
 
quasi-allographs,部分异体字
 
quasi-composite characters,准合体字
 
quasi-composite semantograph,准合体表意字
 
quasi-pictorial graph,象事字
 
radical,部

 

 
 
reading and meaning,音义
 
reading, pronunciation,读音
 
scholars of the script, grammatologist; students of the script,文字学者
 
seal script,篆文
 
segmentation of graphs into strokes,笔画化
 
semantic,字义
 
semantic component,表意偏旁
 
semantic extension,引申
 
semantic extension,语义引申
 
semantic symbol,表意符号
 
semantic symbol,意符
 
semantograph,表意字
 
semantographic protoform,表意初文
 
semantographic symbol,义符
 
semanto-phonetic script,意(符)音(符)文字
 
semanto-phonetic-sign script,意符音符记号文字
 
semantophoric phonetic, semanto-phoric phonogram, phonetics that convey meaning,有意的声旁
 
semi-semantograph,半记号半表意字
 
semi-sign (character),半记号字
 
semi-sign and semi-phonogram,半记号半表音字
 
sign,记号
 
sign, sign graph,记号字
 
signific, semantic component,形旁
 
signific, semantic symbol,注意符
 
simplification of Chinese script,汉字简化
 
simultaneously syssemantic and phonetic compound graph,会意兼形声字
 
simultaneously a phonetic and a signific, phonetic symbols which are concurrently semantic symbols,音符兼意符
 
six principles theory of Chinese script,六书说
 
standard form,正体
 
standard script,楷书
 
syllabic script,音节文字
 
syllabograms,音节符号
 
symbol,符号
 
synonymic interchange ,同义换读
 
syssemantograph,会意字
 
three principles theory of Chinese script,三书说
 
transitional writing,过度文字
 
Tri-script Stone Classics,三体石经
 
trisyllabic morpheme,三音节语素
 
variant forms associated with different writing traditions,重文
 
variant forms of a single graph,一字异体
 
wordbook,字书
 
word writing,词文字
 
word-syllabic writing/script,词——音节文字
 
writing system,文字体系
 
younger orthograph,後起本字
 
B. Chinese-English
 
半记号半表意字,semi-semantogram
 
半记号半表音字,semi-sign and semi-phonogram
 
半记号字,semi-sign (character)
 
本来意义,original meaning
 
本义,original meaning, original sense
 
本字,orthograph
 
变体字,altered graph
 
标记,identification mark
 
表意初文,semantographic protoform
 
表意符号,semantic symbols
 
表意偏旁,semantic component
 
表意文字,ideographic writing
 
表意字,semantogram
 
表音偏旁,phonetic component
 
表音符号,phonetic symbol
 
表音字,phonogram, phonetic letters
 
彼此混用,indiscriminate interchange
 
笔画化,segmentation of graphs into strokes
 
部,radical
 
部分异体字,quasi-allographs
 
成熟的楷书,mature standard script
 
重文,variant forms associated with different writing traditions
 
抽象的象形符号,abstract representations
 
抽象的形符,abstract symbol
 
抽象字,abstract graph
 
纯音符,purely phonetic element
 
初文,protoform
 
词文字,word writing
 
词意,lexical meaning, a word's meaning
 
词——音节文字,word-syllabic writing/script
 
单独词,free morpheme
 
单音节语素,monosyllabic morpheme
 
叠字双音词,disyllabic reduplicative phrase
 
定符,determinative
 
独体字,non-composite characters
 
多声,multiple phonetics
 
多形,multiple semantic components
 
多义字,polysemic graph
 
多音词,polysyllabic
 
读音,reading, pronunciation
 
讹变,corruption
 
非会意字,nonsyssemantic
 
非形声结构,non-phonetic type characters
 
分化,differentiation
 
分化字,differentiated graph/form
 
分散多义字职务,dispersal of the lexical loads of polysemic graphs
 
分散文字职务,dispersal of the lexical loads of graphs
 
符号,symbol
 
复杂象物字,complex pictorial graph
 
改换意符,alteration of semantic symbols
 
改换音符,alteration of phonetic symbols
 
古今字,ancient and modern forms/graphs
 
古文,ancient script form
 
过度文字,transitional writing
 
汉字简化,simplification of Chinese script
 
合体字,composite graph/character
 
合文,compound graph
 
後起本字,younger orthography
 
後期意(符)音(符)文字,late semanto-phonetic script
 
後起字,new graph, later form, younger graph
 
会意兼形声字,simultaneously syssemantic and phonetic compound graph
 
会意字,syssemantograph
 
或体,alternate form, variant form
 
假借,loangraph, jiajie, borrowing
 
假借用法,graphic borrowing
 
假借义,borrowed meaning
 
借音符,loaned phonetic symbols
 
记号,sign
 
记号字,sign, sign graph
 
记名金文,identificational inscription
 
今字,modern form/graph
 
记数符号,numerical symbols
 
楷书,standard script
 
类符,classifier
 
两个字的职务的交互集中,alternate concentration of functions between two graphs
 
历史通用字,historically interchangeable graphs
 
隶书,clerical script
 
六书说,six principles theory of Chinese script
 
母词,etymon
 
母字,matrigraph
 
派生词,derivate, derived form
 
派生出新词,new derived form
 
派生新词,derivation of new words
 
旁,component, element
 
偏旁,graphic component
 
拼音文字,phonetic script
 
三书说,three principles theory of Chinese script
 
三体石经,Tri-script Stone Classics
 
三音节语素,trisyllabic morpheme
 
省略偏旁字形,graphic abbreviation
 
声旁,phonetic
 
声旁的代换,interchange of phonetics
 
声旁的破坏,deformation of phonetics
 
省声,abbreviated phonetic
 
省形,abbreviated signific
 
声韵通转,phonological variation
 
使用的汉字,Chinese characters in general use
 
双音词,disyllabic
 
双音节复合词,dislyllabic compound
 
双音节词,binome
 
双音节语素,disyllabic morpheme
 
俗本字,popular orthography
 
俗体,popular form, vulgar form
 
俗字,popular character, vulgarism
 
通假,phonological borrowing, borrowing
 
通假字,borrowed graph, borrowing
 
通俗文字,popular script
 
同形语素,morphemes with the same graphic forms
 
通行字,current forms
 
同形字,homography/homographs
 
同义换读,synonymic interchange
 
同音的同源词,homophonous cognates
 
同音或音近的字,homophonous or nearly homophonous graph
 
同音字,homophone
 
通用汉字,Chinese characters in common use
 
通用字,interchangeable graphs
 
同源词,cognate
 
图,iconograph
 
图画,picture, pictorial representation
 
图画意味,pictographic aspect
 
图形,emblem
 
图形意味,pictographic sense
 
图形式,pictorial
 
图形式表意字,pictorial semantogram
 
图形式会意字,pictorial syssemantic graph
 
完整的文字体系,a fully integrated writing system
 
文字的合幷,graphic consolidation
 
文字符号,graphic symbol
 
文字假借,graphic loans
 
文字体系,writing system
 
文字学,grammatology
 
文字学者,scholars of the script, grammatologist; students of the script
 
文字孳乳,graphic derivates
 
文字职务的集中,concentration of lexical functions
 
习用字,conventional form
 
线条化,linearization
 
象事字,quasi-pictorial graph
 
象物字,pictorial graph
 
象形,pictographic
 
象形初文,pictographic protoform
 
象形符号,pictographic symbol
 
象形字,pictograph
 
形符,pictographic symbol
 
形借,borrowing of graphic shape
 
形旁,signific, semantic component
 
形旁的代换,interchange of signifies
 
形声字,phonogram
 
形音兼借字,the borrowing of both the sound and form of the borrowed graph
 
新隶体,neo-clerical script
 
一词多形,polygraphy
 
意符,semantic symbol
 
义符,semantographic symbol
 
意(符)音(符)文字,semanto-phonetic script
 
意(符)音(符)记号文字,semanto-phonetic-sign script
 
音符,phonetic, phonetic symbol/ element
 
音符兼意符,simultaneously a phonetic and a signific, phonetic symbols which are concurrently semantic symbols
 
音节符号,syllabogram
 
音节文字,syllabic script
 
音近,close in pronunciation
 
引申,semantic extension
 
引申义,extended meaning/sense
 
音素文字,phonemic script
 
阴阳对转,one syllable ending in a nasal and the other in a non-nasal
 
音义,reading and meaning
 
异体(字),allograph, variant, alternate way of writing
 
异体字分工,distribution of lexical loads among allographs
 
异体字整理,consolidation of variant forms
 
一形(字)多音义,concurrently polyphonic and polysemic forms
 
意义,meaning
 
一字异体,variant forms of a single graph
 
一字多用,graphs having multiple uses
 
一字多职,multi-functional graph
 
异字同形,different graphs sharing the same graphic shapes
 
有意的声旁,semantophoric phonetic, semantophoric phonogram, phonetics that convey meaning
 
原始的意义,primitive meaning
 
原始文字,primitive writing
 
语素的符号,morphemic symbol
 
语素字,morphemic graph
 
语素文字,morphemic writing/script
 
语素——音节文字,morphemo-syllabic script/writing
 
语义引申,semantic extension
 
语音,phonology
 
语源,etymology
 
造字相承的关系,derivational relationship
 
正体,standard form
 
正字,proper graph
 
指事,deictic
 
指示符号,deictic symbol
 
指示字,deictic graph, deictograph
 
职务互易,mutual exchange of lexical functions
 
直音,homophonous speller
 
篆文,seal script
 
专用字,dedicated form
 
准合体字,quasi-composite characters
 
准合体表意字,quasi-composite semantogram
 
注意符,signific, semantic symbol
 
注音符,phonetic symbol, phonetic
 
字符,graphic symbol
 
字书,wordbook
 
字体,graphic form
 
字形,graphic form, graphic shape
 
字形分化,differentiation of graphic forms
 
字义,semantic
 
字音,pronunciation of characters
 
族徽,clan emblem
 
族徽金文,bronze clan inscription
 
族名金文,bronze clan name
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